The Basics of Metal Fabrication: What You Need to Know

The Basics of Metal Fabrication: What You Need to Know

Metal fabrication is a broad field that includes many different processes and roles. It can involve working with raw steel, aluminum, or another metal and secondary metals like copper or nickel. It can also involve using a computer to streamline the manufacturing process or a crane to lift heavy materials or components. This article will give you an overview of metal fabrication, explaining exactly what it is and the various ways it’s used in manufacturing. You’ll also learn about some specific processes that fall under this umbrella term and see how they can be useful in your career or company. If you work with metals regularly, read on to learn more about metal fabrication and understand where it fits into your plans.

What is Metal Fabrication?

Metal fabrication service in Canton, Ohio is the process of taking a raw piece of metal and creating a functional component out of it by either cutting, forming, or joining it with other pieces. These components might be small, like parts for an aircraft, or large, like the metal beams used in constructing skyscrapers. The exact process will vary depending on the type of metal being used and the desired end product. Fabrication is often done in a production setting, and the parts created through metal fabrication are designed for mass production. It’s an essential part of the manufacturing process, and many companies specialize in it, offering fabrication services to other companies that need them. The fabrication process is often divided into three stages: rough shaping, secondary operations, and finishing. Rough shaping is the initial process of taking the raw metal and creating the basic components through either cutting or forming. Secondary operations are used to modify those rough parts to meet the end product’s exact specifications. Finally, finishing is the last step to ensure the pieces are ready for use.

Why Is Metal Fabrication Used?

Metal fabrication is used to create a variety of different parts or components. This can include industrial machinery, specialized tools, and large-scale components for buildings. It can also include components in creating consumer goods like appliances, cars, and furniture. Fabrication often involves creating large pieces of metal that are too heavy or expensive to be manufactured in one piece. For example, a large crane may be fabricated from several smaller parts, so it’s easier to transport and assemble on the job site. Fabrication can also create something out of metal that wouldn’t otherwise be possible. One part can be used to create various products with the right materials and equipment. For example, a machine that creates plastic parts can be used to create fabrications out of metal or other materials instead. Fabrication can also be used to make metal parts more accurately to meet the exact specifications of an engineer’s design. This can help ensure reliability, safety, and proper functionality.

The Different Types of Metal Fabrication

– Cutting Fabrication – This process involves using a cutting torch to cut parts off a larger metal piece. It’s not a precise process, leaving rough edges on the component. This process is often used to create large parts that can be broken up into smaller pieces for further fabrication. – Forming Fabrication – This process involves taking metal and pressing it into the desired shape by hand or machine. It’s often used to create parts that have smooth edges, such as metal sheets, pipes, or beams. Fabrication by forming is often used on softer metals like aluminum, copper, or nickel. – Welding Fabrication – This process involves joining pieces of metal together by melting them with heat. Welding is extremely precise and can be used to create accurate and detailed components. This can be done either with an acetylene torch or a computer-controlled welding machine. – Finishing Fabrication – This process takes place at the end of the fabrication process and is used to clean up and finish the parts created during the first two stages. Fabrication by finishing is often done with a sanding or grinding process. This can remove any marks from the previous fabrication processes and ensure the part is smooth and ready for use.

Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM)

Computer-Aided Manufacturing, or CAM, is a process used in many different industries, including the world of metal fabrication. It uses computers to both design and manufacture products based on a set of specific instructions. Computer-Aided Manufacturing is used in various industries, including aerospace, automotive, oil, and gas. In metal fabrication, CAM can be used to design and create components that are too complex or too expensive to create manually. It’s a helpful tool that can allow a single engineer or one small design team to create something that would normally require a larger factory with much different personnel.


Metal fabrication is a broad field with many different applications. It can be used to create anything from a large piece of machinery to a small bracket for a piece of furniture. It involves taking a raw piece of metal and forming, cutting, or joining it with other pieces to create a usable product. Computer-Aided Manufacturing is often used to design the more complicated pieces created through metal fabrication. Many different welding processes are used to join pieces of metal together and finish processes that can be used to clean up the parts created through fabrication.

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