Trench is the deepest part of the seabed in the form of a basin or abyss in the sea. The depth of this trough varies, and the size is relatively narrow and very deep and steep. So far, there are more than five of the deepest trenches in the world. Although there are many other troughs, these five troughs have very extreme depths. Research says that ocean trenches are formed due to a shift between two tectonic plates that collide with each other or are called situs slot777 subduction zones. This chasm in the sea is very dangerous, because in the deepest part it stores a lot of underwater life which is still a mystery because it has not been studied much. Summarized from the Marine page Insight, here is a list of the deepest trenches in the world with an average depth of more than ten thousand meters.
Kamchatka Kuril Trough, Western Pacific Ocean
The Kamchatka Kuril Trough is recorded as having a fairly steep depth of 10,542 meters below sea level. The depth of this trough is equivalent to 34,587 feet, with an area of about 2,900 km from north to south. Located near the Kuril Island and off the coast of Kamchatka, this trench is formed from many volcanic activity on the ocean floor of the region. The Kamchatka Kuril Trench was formed due to subduction zones that created the Kuril Islands arc and the Kamchatka volcanic arc.
Kermadec Trench, South Pacific Ocean
Kermadec Island is located on the seabed of the South Pacific Ocean which stretches for about 1,000 km betw een the Louisville Seamount Chain and the Hikurangi Plateau. The depth of the Kermadec Trench is about 10,047 meters which was formed by the subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Indo-Australian Plate. Kermadec Island is home to millions of species undersea sea, including a giant amphipod measuring about 34 cm that lives under the trench. Previously, an unmanned ship was parachuted into this trench for a research mission. But at a depth of 9,990 meters it exploded due to too high pressure.
Philippine Trench, Philippine Sea
The next deepest trench in the world is the Philippine Trench or the Mindanao Trench. The deepest point of the Philippine Trench is known as the Galathea Depth with a depth of 10,540 meters below sea level. This underwater trench is located in the Philippine Sea and stretches 1.3 km long slot depo 25 bonus 25 and 30 km wide east of the Philippines. The Philippine Trench was formed due to the collision between the Eurasian plate and the Smaller Philippines. According to scientists, the Philippine Trench is relatively young because it was only discovered about 8-9 million years ago.